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Tuning of Rabab

Posted on January 10, 2014 at 12:45 PM Comments comments (2)

In this rubab tutor we use mainly the sargam system of notation which derives from Hindustani music, with 12 note names: Sa Ra Re Ga Ge Ma Me Pe Da De Na Ni. According to 20th century Hindustani theory the notes Sa and Pe are stable, while the other notes can take either flattened or sharpened forms, viz. Ra/Re, Ga/Ge, Ma/Me, Da/De, Na/Ni. The flattened forms of notes are sometimes referred to as komal and the sharpened forms as tivra. Many different scales can be constructed according to this theory. The note Sa usually corresponds to D in the western system but, following Hindustani convention, when writing in western staff notation everything is transposed down one whole-tone and written in C.

 

Tuning the rubab is a major challenge for the beginner because of the number of strings to be tuned and the difficulties in tuning them given certain limitations in the standard of craftsmanship in their manufacture, with ill-fitting tuning pegs. The standard Afghan rubab has three main melody strings, three or two long drones, and 13–15 sympathetic strings. The strings are attached to wooden tuning pegs.

 

The principle of the sympathetic string is as follows. It is a subsidiary string tuned to a specific pitch that is caused to vibrate when that note is sounded on a melody string, either in isolation or in the context of a melody, enriching the sound and prolonging its duration. For the effect to work the sympathetic string must be tuned very precisely. Sympathetic strings on the rubab are not normally used to play melodies, but may be strummed across to provide a drone effect. The normal complement of fifteen sympathetic strings allow one to tune two full octaves. For purposes of tuning it makes sense to regard the Bilawal scale as the default tuning. The intervals of this scale correspond to the western major scale. The common scales of rubab music can be understood as derived from Bilawal. Sa Re Ge Ma Pe De Ni Sa1. 13 stringed tuning is considered later. 3 long drones are tuned to the tonic (tonal centre, karj), to Sa, Pe the 5th above, and Pe1 a 4th below. If the instrument has pnly two long drones they are tuned to Sa and Pe. Two drones are easier to keep in tune than three drones; especially the low Pe, is hard to keep in tune.

 

Many Afghan musicians can tune the rubab by ear, with no need to refer to an instrument of fixed pitch like the harmonium. In a band context the rubab and other stringed instruments tune to notes provided by the harmonium player, who will often be very demanding about exact tuning. The difficulty for the beginner is that s/he may have no prior knowledge of music theory. If you have no way of labelling notes how can you tune a set of strings? Get a friend who knows about music to help you. Such a person is likely to be familiar with the western major scale and would be able to guide you in tuning to Bilawal. Alternatively, an electronic tuning device may be the solution to your problem.

How to play shah laila rasha

Posted on March 9, 2013 at 9:25 AM Comments comments (3)

Shah laila Rasha sor paizwan pa shondo sro kaida a classical song.

1- Sir Nama:

 

First the Chart


Now the lyrics along with the surs

 

Shah Laila Rasha Sur Paizwan Pa Shondo Sro Kaigda -

SaSaSa W Ne NeNeNe Sa(.)DhaPa MaPaDhaNe

 

Qadam Wro Wro Kaida -

DhaPa MaMa Ma

 

Zaan they Singhar ka Shinkay Khaal Paas Pa Abro Kaigda –

Ga PaDha Ne NeNeNe Sa(.)DhaPa MaPaDhaNe

 

Qadam Wro Wro Kaida -

DhaPa MaMa Ma

2-Piece:


TGaMa GaPaNe Dha PaPa

 

TGaMa GaPa NeDhaPa MaMa


3- Misra:

now the lyrics and the sur breakup

 

Sahar Pa Ma Show tor tum, Pa Stargo Na They Weenum -

 

Ma Dha Ne SaSaSa NeNe DhaDha NeDhaSa(.)Ne

 

Sahar Pa Ma Show tor tum, Pa Stargo Na They Weenum -

 

Ma Dha Ne SaSaSa NeNe DhaDha NeDhaSa(.)Ne

 

Ta Mashaloona Pa Chargul Salur Pa Wro Kaigda -

 

NeNeNe Sa(.)DhaPa MaPaDhaNe

 

Qadam Wro Wro Kaida -

 

DhaPa MaMa Ma

 

Zaan they Singhar ka Shinkay Khaal Paas Pa Abro Kaigda -

 

Ga PaDha Ne NeNeNe Sa(.)DhaPa MaPaDhaNe

 

Qadam Wro Wro Kaida -

 

DhaPa MaMa Ma